Of course, religious beliefs are often complicated; individuals and groups within each religion often have different views; and religious affiliation is often closely associatedwith partisan emotions. A summary can only give a very limited picture. But it can open a door to understanding the links between religion and war. Put simply, there are three possible views of war that a religion might adopt.
Ancient India[ edit ] Ancient texts Ashokavadana and the Divyavadana mention a non-Buddhist in Pundravardhana drew a picture showing the Buddha bowing at the feet of Nirgrantha Jnatiputra identified with Mahavirathe founder of Jainism.
On complaint from a Buddhist devotee, Ashokaan emperor of the Maurya Dynastyissued an order to arrest him, and subsequently, another order to kill all the Ajivikas in Pundravardhana. Around 18, followers of the Ajivika sect were executed as a result of this order. Ashoka burnt him and his entire family alive in their house.
According to Ashokavadana, as a result of this order, his own brother, Vitashokawas mistaken for a heretic and killed by a cowherd. Their ministers advised that "this is an example of the suffering that is being inflicted even on those who are free from desire" and that he "should guarantee the security of all beings".
After this, Ashoka stopped giving orders for executions. Sarao and Benimadhab Baruastories of persecutions of rival sects by Ashoka appear to be a clear fabrication arising out of sectarian propaganda.
In one of the stories, the razing of stupas and viharas is mentioned with Pushyamitra. This has been historically mapped to the reign of King Pushyamitra of the Shunga Empire about years before Divyavadana was written. Archeological remains of stupas have been found in Deorkothar that suggest deliberate destruction, conjectured to be one mentioned in Divyavadana about Pushyamitra.
The fictional tales of Divyavadana is considered by scholars  as being of doubtful value as a historical record.
Muslim conquests in the Indian subcontinentPersecution of Hindusand Persecution of Muslims Historical records of religious violence are extensive for medieval India, in the form of corpus written by Muslim historians.
According to Will DurantHindus historically experienced persecution during Islamic rule of the Indian subcontinent. Lal in his book Theory and Practice of Muslim State in India claims that between the years AD and AD, the population of the Indian subcontinent decreased from to million.
Ghurye writes that religious violence between Hindus and Muslims in medieval India may be presumed to have begun soon after Muslims began settling there.
They continued through the Mughal Empire, and then in the British colonial period. Religious communities tended to become political constituencies.
This was particularly true of the Muslim League created inwhich catered exclusively for the interests of the Muslims Purely Hindu organizations also appeared such as the Hindu Sabha later Mahasabha founded in In the meantime Hindu-Muslim riots became more frequent; but they were not a novelty: When in he [Muhammad Ali Jinnah] became the first Governor General of Pakistan and the new border was demarcated, gigantic riots broke out between Hindus and Muslims.
CircaChalukya armies invaded northern India where they looted temples of Ganga and Yamuna. In the 8th century, Bengali troops from the Buddhist Pala Empire desecrated temples of Vishnu Vaikuntha, the state deity of Lalitaditya 's kingdom in Kashmir.
In the early 10th century, the Pratihara king Herambapala looted an image from a temple in the Sahi kingdom of Kangrawhich in the 10th century was looted by the Pratihara king Yasovarman.Examining the Fundamental Differences of Buddhism vs.
Christianity. The popular appeal of Buddhism today is one of “coolness”,”tolerance”, and mtb15.com’s a belief system that many feel can help them “detach”, maintain neutrality, and find peace in a world of injustice and suffering. A Comparison of Christian and Hindu Approaches to War and Peace.
words. 2 pages. The Life of Saint Patrick of Ireland and the Reason Why We Celebrate His Day. words. 2 pages. An In-depth Analysis of Anne Finch's Opposition to The Rape of the Lock. words. 2 pages. The second problem with peace is that we who speak English tend to think of peace in negative terms, as the absence of war or other kinds of conflict.
When two sides in a war come together and. Although Western approaches to peace reflect traditions within Christian religious cosmology, most are underpinned by largely secular intellectual constructs. In the field of international relations, the prevailing Western approach is apparent in an emergent synthesis of .
Accounts of how Christians think and act in relation to war have tended to repeat the general typology that was introduced back in by historian Roland Bainton in Christian Attitudes Toward War and Peace. Roland Bainton, Christian Attitudes toward War and Peace, "Ethical Code of the Israeli Defense Forces," on the web at mtb15.com#ethics.
John Ferguson, War and Peace in the World’s Religions, John Kelsay, Islam and War: A Study in Comparative .