Psychiatry thesis on methyl isocyanate gas victims

Glutaraldehyde and contact dermatitis. Second had sore nail bed then rash on hands. Both had handled formalin. Both patch-tested positive to GA but neg to fomalin.

Psychiatry thesis on methyl isocyanate gas victims

Union Carbide[ edit ] The IMCB publicly condemned Union Carbide and reiterated the company's full liability not only for responsibility in causing the deadly gas leak, but also for the confounding role of its behaviour with respect to pre-accident preventive and exposure mitigating efforts, and the timely and effective application of the appropriate medical measures at the time of the accident.

This included the lack of transparency about the composition of the gases released, resulting in the absence of rational methods of care and planning resulting in loss of sight and in some cases life, and creation of suspicion and conflict among professionals and the population.

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There was also a lack of emergency preparation which would have made the public and professionals aware of the potential toxins inside the plant and how to respond to an accident. The secrecy surrounding the health studies undertaken by the Indian Council of Medical Research ICMR may initially have been instituted to protect the litigation process, but in reality made the rational medical treatment and establishment of claims almost impossible.

In hindsight, it is clear that the secrecy served no purpose whatsoever and has resulted in non-publication of the information. Moreover, because of the secrecy about the accident itself and the chemicals released, it was difficult for the survivors to document their claims.

The Commission also noted an excessive fear among government personnel of bogus claims. In fulfilling its commitment, results of the community studies conducted by the IMCB have been communicated to the affected population in the form of public meetings, which provided a forum for the victims to ask questions and provide comments.

Reorganisation of the health system to establish a network of community-based primary care clinics; The gas-related disease categories need to be broadened to include central nervous system and psychological PTD injury; A conference to determine best practice rehabilitation medicineincluding both Western and Indian expertise, must be undertaken to develop rational treatments and prescription drugs for survivors.

Health data collected by the ICMR should be communicated to the population and submitted for publication in professional journals. Gas victims to have the right of access to their medical records; Victim organisations should be adequately represented in the national and state commissions dealing with the disaster; Criteria for compensation should include medical, economic and social damage to the victims Allocation of resources for economic and social rehabilitation of people and their communities should be made.

Thorough examination of the impact of the toxic waste buried on the Union Carbide site and its potential for further damage to public health needs to be researched.

Long-term effects[ edit ] It is now well known that persistent and chronic gas-related health effects are present in the Bhopal population. Recent investigations have shown that local well water has become contaminated by the improper storage of a large amount of hazardous waste in the facility, or on its grounds.

As ofthe prospects for learning the sequelae of this disaster do not appear to be bright. What is sorely needed is an independent body to coordinate the health care, research, rehabilitation of gas victims, and care for potential effects in their offspring.

Instead of the non-directive symptomatic medical treatment that currently exists, clear guidelines and criteria need to be formulated for specific medical conditions such as damage to bronchial tubessleep apneaneuron destruction, etc.

Such an effort could be implemented through India's existing health care pyramid.

Besides the thousands killed each year, the country suffered the world's worst industrial disaster when lethal methyl isocyanate gas leaked from a pesticide plant in the city of Bhopal in , killing nearly 4, people. Modern psychiatry has become a hotbed of corruption, particularly the kind that seeks to demonise and declare mentally ill anyone who deviates from what is regarded as the norm. with the greatest industrial accident of all time; the leak of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas from Union Carbide’s pesticide factory that killed over 3, people. methyl isocyanate (MIC) exposed long-term survivors and in their offspring, focusing on the etiological 3rd, , in Bhopal. This descriptive study is based on hospital registration of cancer patients those are MIC gas victims and their subsequently born offspring. Morbidity status was studied on the basis of gender, age, organ and.

Community-level health units should be developed to serve a maximum of people each. Local hospitals with multiple departments can be used to provide secondary care.

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A specialised medical centre dedicated to treatment and research of the more serious problems arising from the gas leak should be established. The community has need for more neighbourhood clinics, non-drug respiratory therapy, clean air and water, and sheltered workshops, not for more hospital beds.

Need for long-term monitoring[ edit ] The IMCB has recommended that long-term monitoring of the community for illness and response to treatment be done for several decades.

This would include the study of exposed and unexposed areas to observe patterns of illness and death as well as to detect the occurrence of related chronic diseases and the appearance of new diseases.

Environmental epidemiology, guidelines on studies in (EHC 27, )

Such an approach needs to be one in which the health professionals involve the community of gas victims as active partners in investigation, provide them with feedback on community health, ensure that their health risks are properly communicated, and thereby enabling an increase in their consciousness, autonomy and self-determination.

Dhara and Acquilla critiqued aspects of post-disaster epidemiology which served as obstacles to the conduct of scientific and valid epidemiological investigation. Instead, the cohort of 96, was selected based on severe, moderate, and mildly affected areas based on death rates.

Psychiatry thesis on methyl isocyanate gas victims

In epidemiological studies, it is well known that not all subjects in an exposed area are affected. As early asa dispersion model was available which delineated the exposed areas but was never used.Over , people were exposed to methyl isocyanate gas and other chemicals.

The toxic substance made its way in and around the shantytowns located near the plant. The toxic substance made its way in and around the shantytowns located near the plant. cutters get more than the gas cutters” In the engineering assembly unit till the pay revision occurred, welding was a highly rated job.

But not any . In , Union Carbide chemical industry met with an accident, which involved the leak of the poisonous gas methyl isocyanate (MIC).

The victims who inhaled MIC were subjected to cyanide poisoning with necrosis of the cells in the respiratory tract. Anorexia nervosa essays; An essay on the mona lisa; Personal selling philosophy; Lady macbeth quotes; Social networks can do more harm than good what do you think any why.

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