Write a note on batch processing and real-time processing vs batch processing

NiFi and Spark Stream Processing: One of the key features that Spark provides is the ability to process data in either a batch processing mode or a streaming mode with very little change to your code. Batch processing is typically performed by reading data from HDFS. This article does a great job of explaining how to accomplish this.

Write a note on batch processing and real-time processing vs batch processing

Prints first ten elements of every batch of data in a DStream on the driver. Applies a function, func, to each RDD generated from the stream.

This function should have side effects, such as printing output, saving the RDD to external files, or writing it over the network to an external system. The file name at each batch interval is generated based on prefix and suffix: This is useful if the data in the DStream will be computed multiple times e.

Hence, DStreams generated by window-based operations are automatically persisted in memory, without the developer calling persist. For input streams that receive data over the network such as, Kafka, Flume, sockets, etc.

Note that, unlike RDDs, the default persistence level of DStreams keeps the data serialized in memory. This is further discussed in the Performance Tuning section. More information on different persistence levels can be found in Spark Programming Guide.

RDD Checkpointing A stateful operation is one which operates over multiple batches of data. This includes all window-based operations and the updateStateByKey operation.

Since stateful operations have a dependency on previous batches of data, they continuously accumulate metadata over time. To clear this metadata, streaming supports periodic checkpointing by saving intermediate data to HDFS.

Note that checkpointing also incurs the cost of saving to HDFS which may cause the corresponding batch to take longer to process. Hence, the interval of checkpointing needs to be set carefully.

At small batch sizes say 1 secondcheckpointing every batch may significantly reduce operation throughput. Conversely, checkpointing too slowly causes the lineage and task sizes to grow which may have detrimental effects.


Typically, a checkpoint interval of 5 - 10 times of sliding interval of a DStream is good setting to try. This is done by using ssc. Performance Tuning Getting the best performance of a Spark Streaming application on a cluster requires a bit of tuning.

This section explains a number of the parameters and configurations that can tuned to improve the performance of you application. At a high level, you need to consider two things: Reducing the processing time of each batch of data by efficiently using cluster resources.

Setting the right batch size such that the data processing can keep up with the data ingestion. Reducing the Processing Time of each Batch There are a number of optimizations that can be done in Spark to minimize the processing time of each batch.

The Case for Flafka

These have been discussed in detail in Tuning Guide. This section highlights some of the most important ones. Level of Parallelism Cluster resources maybe under-utilized if the number of parallel tasks used in any stage of the computation is not high enough.

write a note on batch processing and real-time processing vs batch processing

For example, for distributed reduce operations like reduceByKey and reduceByKeyAndWindow, the default number of parallel tasks is 8. You can pass the level of parallelism as an argument see the PairDStreamFunctions documentationor set the config property spark.

Data Serialization The overhead of data serialization can be significant, especially when sub-second batch sizes are to be achieved. There are two aspects to it.Gmsh. Christophe Geuzaine and Jean-Fran├žois Remacle Gmsh is an automatic 3D finite element mesh generator with build-in pre- and post-processing facilities.

In conjunction with the Directory and File Pathname reader, it can be used as a device for batch processing. The same technique can be carried out on an FME Server by using the FMEServerJobSubmitter transformer in place of the WorkspaceRunner.

write a note on batch processing and real-time processing vs batch processing

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There is far more than meets the eye in FastPictureViewer mtb15.com spend some time skimming the feature set by reading some of the tutorials on this page, then try them out yourself with your own images. Cost. Batch processing is less expensive than online input. It uses very little computer processing time to prepare a batch of data; most of the computing occurs when the batch executes.

Introduction In this tutorial, you will learn how to deploy a modern real-time streaming application. This application serves as a reference framework for developing a big data pipeline, complete with a broad range of use cases and powerful reusable core components.

You will explore the NiFi Dataflow application, Kafka topics, Schemas and SAM topology.

Scalable Stream Processing: A Survey of Storm, Samza, Spark and Flink